The material properties of nanomaterials are dependent on their size. Depending on the field of application, it is therefore essential to have the narrowest and most exact size distribution possible in order to obtain nanoparticles with defined properties. In recent years, microwave-assisted synthesis has established itself as a modern way of producing different nanomaterials in order to effectively influence both size distribution and material properties.
Using microwave irradiation it is possible to synthesize nanoparticles with exact parameter control in a short time and also change particle properties and particle size as required. The fields of application for these produced nanoparticles range from medical uses (drug delivery systems, formulations) to use in many industries, i.e. vehicle manufacturing (coatings, windshields, energy storage), cosmetics (sun protection, shampoo, toothpaste), textile production (outdoor clothing, shoes) and electronics (circuit boards, solar cells, LEDs, touchscreens). In this last field of application, quantum dots (QD) are often the focus of research.